Collaborative Roadmap of Inclusion and Human Rights 2018

Women

Thematic Points of Action identified for the population: Women in situations of violence aggravated by social violence.

Next, we listed the Thematic Points of Action agreed upon and prioritized by a group of representatives of civil society working for women’s rights. The group that built these priorities represents organizations with a long record, that work in different networks to increase awareness of  diverse problems that deprive women of their rights. The priorities that will be seen below give an account of the progress achieved, largely thanks to the women’s movement in the country, and call attention to the need to take a step further, from formal and legal advances towards the implementation of special protection mechanisms. In addition, a particular emphasis is placed on the need to bring visibility to how the situation of insecurity and violence that our country is experiencing affects women in particular, who in many cases remain invisible in the narratives and approaches of public security issues in the country. The needs for institutional change are accompanied by needs for knowledge management and strengthening of civil society, to continue advancing in the path of transformation of the State.

LAWS

  1. Promote knowledge/application of article 47 of  LEIV (Spanish acronym of Ley Especial Integral para una Vida Libre de Violencia para las Mujeres, in English Special Comprehensive Law for a Life Free of Violence for Women) and the article 2 literal C of the Belem Do Para Convention: concerning the “obstruction of justice”. 
  2. Inclusively promote awareness of the application of specialized legislation and other key regulatory frameworks.  
  3. Promote the ratification of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, CEDAW.
  4. Develop an analysis/proposal to harmonize ordinary national legislation with specialized national legislation and international regulations.
  5. Support for the proposal on the Comprehensive Law of Victim Assistance.
  6. Review and improve the sanctions regime for public servants (Civil Service Law, Government Ethics Law) with the standards of specialized legislation on VAW. 
  7. Follow up efforts to harmonize the application of ordinary legislation (criminal, family, labor) with respect to the standards established in the specialized legislation for women, LEIV.

POLICIES

  1. Promote compliance with policies for the prevention and eradication of violence against women (VAW) within all educational institutions.
  2. Evaluate the response of the State in terms of comprehensive protection mechanisms for women who suffer all types of violence in the context of insecurity in the country.
  3. Promote the review and adjustment and/or creation and implementation of specialized attention protocols for women in situations of violence (victims and human rights defenders).
  4. Strengthening of specialized attention units within the key institutions for the protection of women’s rights (Women´s Unit in the Nacional Civil Police -UNIMUJER in Spanish-, Women’s Service Units of the Public Defender´s Office -In Spanish PGR-, specialized jurisdiction, Local office of Attention to Victims -OLAV in Spanish-).
  5. Create local and quick response mechanisms to offer special protection to human rights defenders who work in communities with high rates of violence and crime. 
  6. Raise awareness among PNC and other territorial authorities (UNIMUJER, ODAC and OLAVs) for the non-blaming of victims and defenders at community level. 
  7. Revision and adjustment of municipal gender policies; and strengthening of women’s units at municipal level.
  8. Promote self-care and safety policies for staff of institutions that assist women in situations of violence.
  9. Work with the training/awareness of a platform of key women in decision-making positions.
  10. Strengthening the Salvadoran Institute for the Advancement of Women (ISDEMU) as the governing body of specialized policies and laws.
  11. Development of “protocols” or “guides” to prevent street harassment by security forces.
  12. Strengthen national and local inter-institutional coordination, in terms of victim assistance.
  13. Promote citizen oversight mechanisms within the institutions regarding the hiring and performance reviews of civil servants serving victims. 
  14. Update and promote the communication and implementation of existing policies regarding VAW, and develop an analysis and proposals for the mainstreaming of women’s right to a life free of violence in security policies.

ACCESS TO JUSTICE

  1. Generate concrete proposals for the respect of due process and improving the conditions of access to justice for victims of VAW, guaranteeing the application of the approach of comprehensive and transformative reparation and non-repetition.
  2. Carry out a revision of the current protection system for witnesses of VAW, with emphasis in highly dangerous contexts. 
  3. Strengthen the application of specialized legislation for women within the operating institutions of the justice sector. 
  4. Promote equality policies within the institutions of the private sector. 
  5. Reinforce protocols to eradicate the re-victimization of women within the institutions of the justice sector and other related state institutions. 
  6. Generate a proposal for the mainstreaming of the victimological approach, to respect the rights of victims and their families, within the entities of the justice sector. 
  7. Develop a penalty monitoring system to improve the restitution of rights. 
  8. Sensitize and creation of new competences within the institutions of the justice sector, from non-traditional and experiential approaches
  9. To make visible the judicial gaps in the management of cases where there is victimization of women in contexts of widespread violence, associated with organized crime and gangs.

CULTURAL CHANGES

  1. Work with the media (including local, community and alternative media) to address VAW, especially femicide violence, from a more sensitive approach to the reality and vulnerable situation of women.
  2. Develop campaigns to make visible and diminish the naturalization of VAW.
  3. Develop projects that try and break sexist patterns, from non-traditional approaches.
  4. Promote greater inclusive exposure and awareness among citizens regarding specialized legislation about VAW.

RESEARCH

  1. Monitoring institutions from the experience of women who come for seek support. 
  2. Develop an analysis of VAW verdicts based on a system of indicators of human rights standards and due diligence. 
  3. Study of the effects of gangs´ territorial control in the fabric of the community and women’s lives.
  4. Strengthen the analysis of statistics of violence based on sex.
  5. Mapping of municipal policies for the prevention of violence against women.
  6. Analysis of violence perpetrated by security forces at a territorial level 
  7. Research to expand knowledge about the effect and experience of women in contexts of organized crime and violent masculine corporations, as members and victims of them.
  8. Analysis of the impact and cost of violent and hegemonic masculinity for Salvadoran society.

ADVOCACY AND PARTICIPATION

  1. Generate actions to strengthen the women´s movement. 
  2.  Promote the recognition and protection of the work done human rights defenders for women´s rights done at the community level. 
  3. Promote transparency and accountability of the governing body.

STRENGTHENING OF CIVIL SOCIETY

  1. Empowerment of community-based women´s collectives. 
  2. Provide organizations with resources to develop territorial work in a “safe” manner.

COMMUNITY APPROACH

  1. Develop local/community projects to promote protective environments against VAW.
  2. Promote spaces of symbolic re-signification of territories taken by violence.
Collaborative Roadmap of Inclusion and Human Rights 2018

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Collaborative Roadmap of Inclusion and Human Rights 2018